United Kingdom - Passport & Nationality - British Overseas Citizen (BOC) - South Africa Pre 1949 (Sch 3 CUKC)
The South Africa Nationality Act of 1949 determined who was granted South African nationality when the country was granted the right to determine its own citizenship laws. An anomaly in the Act meant that those classified as "Aliens" - those with a foreign citizenship - did not automatically get the new South African citizenship. In such a case, the applicant retained their British Subject status and, after 1 January 1949, became a Citizen of the UK & Colonies. This situation arose most commonly where the applicant's father was born OUTSIDE of South Africa and outside of a territory that remained part of the British Crown Dominions.
The key criteria of this solution (known as a British Overseas Citizen, or BOC) are:
- Candidate born before 1 January 1949;
- Candidate born in South Africa; AND
- Candidate's father born outside of South Africa.
In some instances, such a candidate was automatically reclassified as a full British Citizen on 1 January 1983 if they had the Right of Abode.
Examples of what were considered a "Foreign Country" include: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Montenegro, Mozambique, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine and the United States.