United Kingdom - Passport & Nationality - British Citizenship by Double Descent (Federal Rhodesia - Marriage by Descent)
This is a rare situation - resulting in a successful application as a British citizen - involving the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. This solution arises where:
- candidate born between 1 January 1964 and 31 December 1982;
- candidate's father or paternal grandfather born in Rhodesia;
- candidate's mother and maternal grandfather born outside of Rhodesia;
- candidate's parents married before 1 March 1958;
- a grandparent (paternal grandfather or maternal grandmother) born in the UK.
The candidate's mother becomes a Federal citizen, but does not become a citizen of Rhodesia upon dissolution. This CUKC status could be passed down by descent and, coupled with the Right of Abode, gives British citizenship to the candidate.
MORE ABOUT THE FEDERATION
The Federation was formed by the coalition of three former British territories - Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland (modern-day Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi) - on 01.03.1958 and up to its dissolution on 31.12.1963. Citizens of these three territories could work freely in the Federation, but those who moved there for work purposes needed to register as Federal Citizens. This was typically people who moved up from South Africa or down from East Africa.
Upon dissolution of the Federation on 31.12.1963, those who were Federal Citizens (including those who registered) and who did NOT become Citizens of Southern Rhodesia on 01.01.1964 and were not already a Citizen of the UK & Colonies, became a Citizen of the UK & Colonies (CUKC). This included women married to such citizens before the Federation was formed. Subject to the Independence arrangements in Zambia and Malawi and the terms of the BNA 1981, and subject to escaping the Automatic Loss of British nationality provisions, these CUKCs might become eligible for British citizenship where that person also held the Right of Abode.
Automatic loss of British Colonial Nationality had wide application for those born in Northern Rhodesia. Only those with a father or paternal grandfather born in a place still classified as a British Colony, Protectorate or Protected State would not be subject to the loss provision. While the principle also applied in Nyasaland, its application was not quite as profound.