United Kingdom - Permanent Residency - Your Unborn Children
With residency in the United Kingdom, the question around what nationality your unborn children will take becomes crucial. In most cases, people want to pass on their "Britishness" to their children, especially if they perhaps leave the UK and have children abroad. So then the question arises:
How "British" are you, and what nationality do I pass to my children?
The two cases to consider are:
- Your future children are born in the UK, or
- Your future children are born outside the UK (i.e. abroad)
1. Your child is born in the UK
What is crucial here is the status of the parent at the time of birth. If either parent has "Settled" status - that is, they are British or they hold indefinite leave - then the child will be British at the time of birth. Additionally, a child born to parents who do not have either British Citizenship or Indefinite leave can later apply to make that child British if either parent later acquires indefinite leave and the application is made before the child’s 18th birthday.
2. Your child is born outside of the UK
If the parent has spent 2 or 3 years in the UK and is British by Descent, then it is equally possible that the child can become British. It requires the parent in question to have been British at the time of the child's birth. In more obscure circumstances (and covered by other legislation), it is also possible to acquire British Citizenship for the child if:
- the parent in question later acquires British Nationality before the child's 18th birthday.
- the child is born "Stateless", in which case British Nationality is automatically granted
For more information on how British Nationality could be passed onto a child born to a British parent outside of the UK, then watch this short video by Philip Gamble:
The usual requirements are:
- Child under the age of 18
- Born to a British parent (OR to a parent who would have been classified British had it not been for gender discriminatory legislature before 1983, or to a parent who renounced British Nationality before the child's birth but resumed it afterwards, OR subsequently becomes British).
- This British parent spent 3 years in the United Kingdom (with no more than 270 days of absence during those 3 years - in other words, as long as they spent 2 and a quarter years actually resident in the UK)
the parent of this parent (i.e. the child's relevant grandparent) was born in the United Kingdom
the parent of this parent (i.e. the child's relevant grandparent) was Registered as a Citizen of the UK and Colonies in a Commonwealth country that was at the time independent of British Rule
the parent of this parent (i.e. the child's relevant grandparent) was born in a UK Colony (and remained a Citizen of the UK and Colonies after Independence) and had 5 years residency in the UK.
For more information on how British Nationality could be passed onto a child by choosing to have that child born in a country where nationality of that country is NOT granted by birth (so-called Nationality by Design), then watch this short video by Philip Gamble: