You could be eligible for BRITISH CITIZENSHIP in the following circumstances:
- You are LIVING IN THE UK on a valid visa and intend to Naturalise as a British Citizen in due course. Click here to read more about claiming British Citizenship through Residency.
- You were BORN IN THE UK* (or Northern Ireland) before 1983. You will have been classified as British Otherwise than by Descent, can hold a British Passport, and can pass British Nationality to your children, irrespective of where these children are born. Click here to read more about claiming British Citizenship by Birth.
- You have a PARENT* (a father or mother) who was born in the UK (or Northern Ireland) before 1983. Your parent will have been classified as British Otherwise than by Descent, hold a British Passport, and they can pass British Nationality to their children, irrespective of where these children are born. Click here to read more about claiming British Citizenship by Descent.
- You have a GRANDPARENT born in the UK (or Northern Ireland). Click here to read more about claiming British Citizenship by Double Descent.
- A child is UNDER 18, and they have a grandparent or great grandparent born in the UK (or Northern Ireland). Click here to read more about the British Nationality rights of children under the age of 18.
All other applications for British Citizenship are known as Non-Standard. Acquiring British Citizenship in such situations need to be determined on a case-by-case basis, and would rely on the exceptions allowed through nationality law or the anomalies created by the drafting of old colonial nationality law.
Philip Gamble & Partners are specialists in old British Nationality Law, and assist clients in determining whether they have a claim to British Nationality through parents, grandparents and former British territories.
Children under the age of 18
There are other provisions allowing a child under the age of 18 of a British parent to get British Citizenship. These are generally covered by the following criteria:
Child is born in the UK
- A parent held British Citizenship at the time of birth;
- A parent was "settled" in the UK at the time of birth;
- A parent later became "settled" in the UK before the child turns 18;
- The child is born without citizenship (stateless); OR
- The child is resident in the UK for 10 years.
Child is not born in the UK
- A British parent spends at least 3 years in the UK in the future, as long as the child is still under 18 at the time of application;
- A British parent gives birth to a child who is "Stateless" at the time of birth (in other words, the child does not automatically take on the citizenship of their country of birth or a parents' citizenship);
- A British parent is in long-term employment with a UK-domiciled company, but working outside of the UK; OR
- A discretionary registration in exceptional cases (sporting excellence, for example).
Again, there are many MORE SOLUTIONS where children under 18 could qualify, and these require a case-by-case analysis of the circumstances.
How do I find out if I have a claim to British Citizenship?
Given the complex requirements of British nationality legislation, and because we handle hundreds of enquiries every day, we have developed a simple 4 STEP PROCESS as the most effective way of giving you the answer you’re looking for.
The steps are as follows:
- Step 1: Standard vs Non-Standard. Determine whether you have a Standard claim to British Citizenship. You have a Standard claim if you were born in the UK before 1983, a parent was Naturalised before your birth, or you have a parent born in the UK before 1983 (provided that your parents were married at the time of your birth). All other claims are considered Non-Standard.
- Step 2: Nationality Assessment: If you do NOT have a Standard claim (as determined in Step 1 above), complete our FREE on-line Nationality Assessment. Your input is filtered against the criteria of hundreds of Non-Standard British Citizenship solutions that we know of. Your Results Page - the final page on the assessment - will set out all your possible solutions.
- Step 3: British Passport Review. From your Results Page (reached in Step 2), you can instruct Philip Gamble (our founder and senior partner, and widely regarded as the world's leading expert on the subject) to review your family tree that you create in Step 2. By ordering this FREE review, you are asking Philip for his opinion on your chances of claiming British Citizenship. Philip will respond by email with a Definite, Likely, Possible, Unlikely or Remote answer.
- Step 4: Status Trace. You instruct Philip Gamble and his team of specialists in London to review copies of your family documents and research your rights to British Citizenship. After searching for any possible way in which you can qualify, they will write a detailed Nationality Report, giving you a Yes/No answer. A fee of £350 applies.
What should I do NOW?
To avoid incurring unnecessary research or application fees at this point, we ask you to complete Steps 2 and 3 by:
- Completing our FREE online Nationality Assessment
- Ordering our FREE British Passport Review
You will receive a series of emails, setting out clearly the solutions that you appear to qualify for, as well as Philip’s response to your British Passport Review. Once you have completed these two steps, we will contact you by phone or email to discuss your nationality situation and talk through what should happen next. This may involve advising you to instruct our team of British Citizenship specialists to look into your case further to provide a definitive answer (Step 4).
Am I eligible for UK Citizenship?
We set out below the criteria and requirements to qualify for UK Citizenship and a British Passport. If you have tried to research your claim and remain unsure or confused by the British Citizenship law that applies in your case, then you can watch this quick video:
The United Kingdom recognises 5 forms of British Citizenship:
This is the traditional concept of British Nationality, known as full British Citizenship. This can be achieved by the following:
- Born in the UK
- Descent from a British parent
- Having a Grandparent born in the UK
- Converting BOC, BPP and BNO status to full Citizenship
- A parent or grandparent born in a British Territory (for example, a Protectorate, Protected State or Colony)
- Earned citizenship after residency in the UK.
This is a form of British Protection granted to those people born in a non-UK territory where foreign nationality was not granted at birth. It is possible to upgrade to full UK Citizenship in some circumstances.
This is a form of British Protection granted to those people born in a British Protected State or a British Protectorate. It is possible to upgrade to full British Citizenship in some circumstances.
This form of British Citizenship was granted to those with specific links to Hong Kong.
This form of British Citizenship is based on birth, residency and "belonging" to the various British Overseas Territories.
These forms of British Citizenship can be achieved in the following ways:
This occurs where a person can claim British Citizenship based on their birth in the United Kingdom (including Northern Ireland).
Birth in a non-UK territory to a British parent, or to a mother or father who was born in the United Kingdom (including Northern Ireland).
A grandparent born in the UK can result in British Citizenship being passed down two generations to their grandchildren. In some cases, a Paternal great grandfather born in the UK can pass on three generations of British Citizenship.
This occurs where a person was born in a British Protectorate or British Protected State, or where a person was born in a non-UK territory and the subsequent Independence Day arrangements did not grant them nationality of that country. The two resulting types of Citizenship are British Overseas Citizen (BOC) and British Protected Person (BPP).
Earned British Citizen
Britain's remaining Dependencies grant a form of British Citizenship based on birth or "belonging" in that territory.
The history of British Citizenship can be summarised as follows:
Pre 1949 - British Subject
1949 to 1983 - Citizen of the UK and Colonies (CUKC)
Post 1983 - British Citizen or British Overseas Citizen (BOC)
The key British territories over the years included the following: